News

Are e-cigarettes as helpful as nicotine patches?

Are e-cigarettes as helpful as nicotine patches?

Cliff Phillips, a 61-year-old retiree and former smoker, and his wife, Vali, enjoy electronic cigarettes at their home in Cuba, Ill., Tuesday, May 31, 2011. Electronic cigarettes like the one used by Phillips are at the middle of a social and legal debate over whether it's OK to "light up" in places where regular smokes are banned. E-cigarettes, which are gaining popularity and scrutiny worldwide, are plastic and metal devices that heat a liquid nicotine solution in a disposable cartridge, creating vapor that the "smoker" inhales. Photo: Associated Press/Seth Perlman

By Kate Kelland

LONDON (Reuters) – Smokers who switch to electronic cigarettes to try to kick their habit are at least as likely to succeed in quitting or cutting down as users of nicotine patches, according to research published on Sunday.

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers compared electronic, or e-cigarettes, with the more standard nicotine replacement therapy patches.

They found levels of success were comparable, with e-cigarettes – whose effects are a subject of intense debate among health experts – more likely to help smokers who fail to quit cut the amount of tobacco they use.

Some experts fear e-cigarettes may be a “gateway” to nicotine addiction and tobacco smoking, while others view them as the most useful method yet of cutting back and helping would-be quitters.

While the argument rumbles on, smoking continues to kill half of all those who indulge in it.

Tobacco is responsible for 6 million deaths a year and the World Health Organization estimate that number could rise beyond 8 million by 2030.

As well as causing lung cancer and other chronic respiratory conditions, smoking is also a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases, the world’s number-one killer.

‘USEFUL WEAPON’

The study, published in The Lancet medical journal and presented at a conference in Spain, was the first to assess whether e-cigarettes are more or less effective than nicotine patches – already recognized as useful in helping people quit.

“While our results don’t show any clear-cut differences… in terms of quit success after six months, it certainly seems that e-cigarettes were more effective in helping smokers who didn’t quit to cut down,” said Chris Bullen of New Zealand’s University of Auckland, who led the study.

“It’s also interesting that the people who took part in our study seemed to be much more enthusiastic about e-cigarettes than patches, as evidenced by the far greater proportion of people… who said they’d recommend them to family or friends.”

Bullen’s research team recruited 657 smokers who wanted to quit smoking and divided them into three groups.

They gave 292 of them 13 weeks’ supply of commercially available e-cigarettes, each of which contained around 16mg of nicotine. The same number of participants got 13 weeks of nicotine patches, and the remaining 73 got placebo e-cigarettes containing no nicotine.

At the end of the six-month study, 5.7 percent of participants had managed to completely stop smoking for that period.

Bullen said that while the proportion of participants who quit was highest in the e-cigarettes group – at 7.3 percent compared to 5.8 percent on nicotine patches and 4.1 percent on placebo – the differences were not statistically significant, so the results were that the two products were comparable.

The study also found that among those who had not managed to quit, cigarette consumption was markedly more reduced in the nicotine e-cigarettes group, compared to both other groups.

Some 57 percent of people using e-cigarettes had cut their daily number of cigarettes smoked by at least half after six months, compared to just over 40 percent of the patches group.

Ann McNeill, a professor of tobacco addiction at the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College London, said the findings should persuade health experts to embrace e-cigarettes as a useful weapon in the battle against smoking.

“Electronic cigarettes are the most exciting new development in tobacco control over the last few decades as we have witnessed a rapid uptake of these much less harmful products by smokers,” she said in an emailed comment.

“The popularity of e-cigarettes suggests that we now have a product that can compete with cigarettes, thus heralding the first real possibility that cigarette smoking could be phased out.”

Recent Headlines

in Entertainment

‘Girls’ star Allison Williams to play Peter Pan on live TV

Fresh
alisonwilliams

The star of the HBO comedy will play Peter Pan opposite Christopher Walken as Captain Hook in the TV musical special "Peter Pan Live! on NBC."

in Sports

Cowboys sign OT Tyron Smith to 8-year extension

Fresh
Dallas Cowboys offensive tackle Tyron Smith during Dallas Cowboy's training camp, Friday, July 25, 2014, in Oxnard, Calif.

The extension signed Wednesday is worth $98 million, pushing the total value of his deal to 10 years and $110 million. Smith gets a $10 million signing bonus and $40 million in guaranteed money.

in Sports

Source: Indians ship Masterson to Cards

Fresh
Cleveland Indians starting pitcher Justin Masterson (63) delivers to the Boston Red Sox during the first inning of a baseball game at Fenway Park in Boston, Friday, June 13, 2014.

Masterson, who has struggled with a knee injury, is 4-6 with a 5.51 ERA this year for Cleveland.

in Sports

Pauley Pavilion court is buckling

Fresh
Water covers the playing floor of Pauley Pavilion, home of UCLA basketball, after a 30-inch water main burst on nearby Sunset Boulevard on the campus in the Westwood district of Los Angeles Tuesday, July 29, 2014.

CLA's storied Pauley Pavilion is drying out after its court was deluged by 10 inches of water when a 93-year-old pipe burst near the campus in Westwood Tuesday.

in Sports

Nadal withdraws from Toronto, Cincinnati events

nadal

Rafa Nadal will miss two U.S. Open tune-up events due to a wrist injury, putting his status in doubt for a title defense at the year's final grand slam.

Bellingham Traffic